Low calcium level is also known as hypocalcemia. Treating low calcium levels is not just by giving calcium supplements but also by treating the underlying causes. Prevention of hypocalcemia is all about maintaining a healthy lifestyle with adequate calcium intake and go for routine health checkup or health screening to detect any disease that may cause you to have low calcium levels. The causes for low calcium levels are inadequate dietary intake, destruction of parathyroid glands, abnormal parathyroid glands, vitamin D deficiency, chronic kidney disease, acute pancreatitis, and many more. Medicine for low calcium level is available online to help you recover from hypocalcemia.
Low calcium levels can lead to osteoporosis. Ageing and low sex hormones levels are the two issues in menopause that cause a person to develop osteoporosis. There are other causes of osteoporosis which are also known as the secondary causes of osteoporosis. The secondary causes of osteoporosis are:
- Kidney disease
- Liver disease
- Cushing’s syndrome
- Early menopause
- Celiac disease or other diseases that cause malabsorption
- Connective tissue disorders
- Idiopathic hypercalciuria
Secondary causes of osteoporosis will need specific additional treatment plans. Treating the underlying causes will also help to cure osteoporosis.
The things need to be done to confirm a diagnosis of osteoporosis is:
- History taking
- Physical examination
- Blood calcium level
- Blood phosphorus level
- Blood albumin level
- Total protein
- Creatinine level
- Electrolytes analysis
- Liver enzymes analysis
- The level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D
- Full blood count
- Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scan (DEXA scan)
Other investigations that can be done are:
- Test for celiac disease
- 24-hour urine for calcium and creatinine level
- Serum and urine protein measurement and electrophoresis
- Parathyroid hormone level
- Cortisol level in urine
- Bone turnover markers
Osteoporosis is a disease in which your bones become brittle and fragile due to a reduction in bone mass. Osteoporosis patients are at high risk to suffer a fracture or even multiple bone fractures. Low energy trauma or physical contact is enough to cause a fracture which does not happen to normal people. Screening for osteoporosis is important to identify individuals who are at risk to develop such fractures and to prevent that from happening.
Fractures that happened to patients with osteoporosis are also known as fragility fractures. Fragility fractures are fractures that happened as a result of fall from standing height or with no physical injury.
Caltrate is a calcium supplement that is frequently used to treat osteoporotic cases. Calcium and vitamin D are important in bone repair and maintaining normal bone mass. Calcium and vitamin D are essential for patients with osteoporosis. It is suggested that postmenopausal women take 1000mg of calcium and 600mg of the vitamin daily to help prevent fracture following osteoporosis. Calcium and vitamin D should be obtained from both diet and supplements. Post-menopausal women are at risk of suffering from osteoporosis. Most postmenopausal women with osteoporosis have bone loss due to low in estrogen or advance in age.
Calcium pills are used not only as supplements but also as an antacid, phosphate binder in patients with chronic kidney disease, and an antidote. Calcium is given orally to treat conditions like osteoporosis, rickets, indigestion, heartburn, and hypoparathyroidism (long-standing low calcium level). Medicine for low calcium level is available online to help you recover from hypocalcemia.