Skin whitening is a cosmetic procedure performed to whiten darker skin or get a whiter skin tone. Skin whitening is commonly done to correct appearance defects such as birthmarks or melasma (dark areas of the skin).
The permanent skin whitening procedure is done by reducing the concentration or production of melanin in the skin. Melanin is a pigment that gives skin its colour and helps to protect the skin from the sun.
Techniques to whiten the skin include:
- Chemical peels
- Skin-lightening creams
- Laser treatment
Trying a skin whitening procedure is a big decision. Skin whitening will be quite time-consuming, and the results cannot be ascertained. If you still insist on doing it, make sure you are sure of the reason for carrying out this procedure and don’t be in a hurry.
It is a good idea to discuss this with your doctor. The doctor may want to talk about why you want to whiten your skin, and there may be medical reasons why this skin whitening procedure is not right for you.
Skin whitening techniques can cause serious side effects and cause complications. People who have darker skin color usually have these risks and complications.
A powerful skin whitening cream is available by prescription. This skin whitening cream usually contains one or both of the following medical ingredients:
Corticosteroids (steroid treatment), for example, hydrocortisone
Products that contain both ingredients but are not prescribed by a doctor have been banned in some countries because they can cause serious side effects when used carelessly. Products that contain potentially hazardous ingredients such as mercury are also prohibited.
Make sure you check the raw material of any product before you buy it. Avoid these products if they contain hydroquinone, corticosteroids, or mercury in the ingredients, or if there is no list of ingredients.
Other skin whitening creams containing natural ingredients are available at online stores or other stores without a prescription. These products are usually legal and do not have the potential to be harmful to the skin, but there is no certainty whether the product actually works or not.
Laser skin lightening
Lasers can also be used to brighten dark areas or dark patches on your skin. The laser works by removing the outermost layer of the skin or destroying the cells that produce melanin.
Results from laser tend to produce fairly variable results. This bleaching might work for some people, while for others it doesn’t have any effect, or a temporary brighter skin is achieved. The price of each laser whitening session will vary for each doctor and depends on the size of the skin to be whitened, the level of whitening desired, and the equipment used. Several sessions are usually needed to increase the possibility of the procedure being carried out to be effective.
Your skin will normally become reddish and swollen for several days and will be bruised or hard for a week or two. Within a few weeks, your skin will brighter. Your skin will also be sensitive to sunlight for six months.
There are many treatments that you can choose from. So, if you have knowledge about it and ask your doctor regarding it, you will find the best skin whitening treatment method for your skin.