When it comes to the history of tracking the number of steps that someone takes, it can be traced back to Leonardo da Vinci’s concept of wanting to track the distance that a Roman soldier walked. But the history of pedometers started with Abraham-Louis Perrelet’s invention of the first pedometer in 1770. On the other hand, Thomas Jefferson was also known to have produced the first mechanical pedometer in 1777. Despite this, pedometer technology continued to see progress from other technological developments that shaped the fitness trackers such as Fitbit Cork that we know today.
In 1921, the polygraph or lie detector technology was introduced to measure galvanic skin response (GSR), pulse rate, and blood pressure. Today, this technology is currently used in several fitness trackers Cork.
The first modern pedometer Manpo-kei was introduced in 1965 by Japanese professor Dr. Yoshiro Hatano at Kyushu University of Health and Welfare. The Manpo-kei, translated to “10,000 steps,” was developed to address obesity in Japan by calculating the number of steps individuals walked.
And in 1971, accelerometers were utilized by Ford in their automobiles and commercial products. This technology was then used in counting steps today, making way for the Polar PE2000 in 1982, the forefather of activity trackers, which combines an electrocardiogram (ECG) and radio chest strap. Its successors introduced displaying biometric information live on display and heart rate-based training for athletes. Additionally, in 1996, GPS tracking was invented initially for military use, but today, it is also used by fitness trackers to map out a person’s exercise routine.
Ten years later, in 2006, the first consumer device with a built-in accelerometer, Nokia 5500 Sport was introduced in the market. Such devices can monitor calories, speed, distance, and the number of steps walked.
One year later, hardware start-up Fitbit was introduced in 2007. It has then transformed into a tech powerhouse in 10 years. Fitbit started with the concept of utilizing sensors in small wearable devices, wherein James Park and Eric Friedman saw the potential of transforming it into a business.